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Francis Galton, the founder of Eugenics and Charles Darwin's cousin, developed "composite portraiture" as a technique for identifying the ideal Jew, criminal, woman with tuburculosis, member of the Royal Guard, etc. He would photograph a number of subjects (here a number of Jewish schoolboys in London) and create multiple exposure prints which would blend all of the individuals into one face. These composites, he argued, revealed the "ideal type" of the group he was documenting.

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